Highlights of the remarkable shifts at the state legislative level as a result of the election:
- Twenty-five states now have both the House and Senate controlled by the Republicans. Nineteen states controlled by the Democrats. Five states now have divided control (AK, IA, KY, NY & VA). Nebraska has a nonpartisan legislature. Prior to the election, nine states had divided control.
- Twenty-one state legislative chambers switched party control to Republicans.
- Six states saw both chambers switch party control (AL, ME, MN, NH, NC & WI).
- Five states moved from divided control to both chambers being Republican controlled (IN, MI, MT, OH & PA).
- Four states moved from Democrat to divided control (IA, LA, NY & CO).
- Seventeen states saw at least one legislative chamber move away from Democratic control.
- No legislative chamber switched to Democratic control.
- According to the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), Republicans gained at least 675 state legislative seats across the country.
- Republicans had a net gain of five Governor’s offices and now hold twenty-nine of the offices while Democrats have twenty and one Independent.
As there is following every new census and reapportionment, there will be changes in the number of congressional seats awarded to each state. By far, the biggest winner is Texas, which gained four seats to give it thirty-six seats. Florida is also a big winner, picking up two seats. Six additional states each gained one seat (AZ, GA, NV, SC, UT & WA).
Ten states offset the eight states that gained a total of twelve seats. New York and Ohio lost two seats each. New York will drop to twenty-seven seats and Ohio to sixteen seats. Eight states lost one seat each (IL, IA, LA, MA, MI, MO, NJ & PA). Of note is that ten seats lost come from a state on one of the Great Lakes or along the Mississippi River.
The breakdown of where the Republicans will be in full control or control two out of the three areas in the redistricting process:
- Republicans have control of the House, Senate and Governor’s Office in sixteen states (this counts NC where the Governor has no part in the process). These sixteen states total 193 congressional districts.
(AL, FL, GA, IN, KS, ME, MI, NC, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, UT, WI)
- Republicans currently hold five at large congressional seats that are not affected by redistricting (AK, MT, ND, SD & WY).
- Republicans have control of the House and Senate with a Democrat Governor in three states (MN, MO & NH). These states total eighteen congressional districts.
- There are three additional states (IA, LA & VA) with split legislative control and a Republican Governor. These states total twenty-one congressional districts.
- Nebraska has a unicameral legislature with a Republican Governor and has three congressional districts.
- Republicans are in full control or have an advantage in twenty-seven states that will be drawing 238 congressional districts.
- Democrats have control of the House, Senate and Governor’s Office in seven states (AR, CT, HI, IL, MA, MD & WV). These seven states total forty-nine congressional districts and counts CT where the Governor has no part in the process.
- Democrats currently control two at large congressional seats that are not affected by redistricting (DE & VT).
- Democrats have control of the House and Senate with a Republican Governor in three states (MS, NM & NV) and an Independent Governor in RI. These four states total twelve congressional districts.
- There are four additional states (CO, KY, NY & OR) with split legislative control and a Democrat Governor. These states total forty-seven congressional districts.
- Democrats are in full control or have an advantage in seventeen states that will be drawing 110 congressional districts.